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  • Mutational signatures and heterogeneous host response revealed via large-scale characterization of SARS-CoV-2 genomic diversity. Graudenzi et al.
    Supplementary Files of the article "Mutational signatures and heterogeneous host response revealed via large-scale characterization of SARS-CoV-2 genomic diversity" by Graudenzi et al.
    • Tabular Data
    • Dataset
    • Text
  • IVL-SYNTHSFM-v2: a dataset for the evaluation of 3D reconstruction pipelines
    This dataset contains images of five 3D models that can be used to evaluate pipelines for 3D reconstruction from images. Each model is placed in a reference scene and is rendered under different lighting and camera conditions. For each of the five models, 8 scenes are created and for each scene 100 images are taken from different points of view.
    • Dataset
    • File Set
  • Semi-regular Interpolatory RBF-based Subdivision Schemes
    We present a MATLAB function to compute the subdivision matrices of semi-regular univariate interpolatory RBF-based binary subdivision schemes. The construction is the adaptation of the one presented in "Stationary binary subdivision schemes using radial basis function interpolation", B.-G. Lee, Y. J. Lee, J. Yoon (Adv. Comput. Math, 2006) and "Analysis of stationary subdivision schemes for curve design based on radial basis function interpolation", Y. J. Lee, J. Yoon (Appl. Math. Comput., 2010), to the semi-regular case, i.e. when the starting mesh is formed by two different uniform mesh that meet eachother at 0. The main function, RBFs_semi.m, given the stepsizes of the two uniform mesh, the family of radial basis function, the number of points used for the local computation, the required polynomial reproduction and, eventually, further parameters, determines the subdivision matrix of the scheme in the form of the regular mask on the left, the regular mask on the right and the irregular part of the matrix around 0. The supported families of RBFs are (inverse) multi-quadric, Gaussian, Wendland's functions, Wu's functions, Buhmann's functions, polyharmonic functions and Euclid's hat functions (see e.g. "Meshfree approximation methods with MATLAB", G. E. Fasshauer). For further information about how to choose the parameters for each family see the files in the Aux folder.
    • Software/Code
    • Dataset
  • Irregular Filters for Semi-regular Dubuc-Deslauriers Wavelet Tight Frames
    We present filters for the irregular framelets of semi-regular Dubuc-Deslauriers 2n-point wavelet tight frames with mesh parameters h_\ell = 1 and h_r > 0 for the cases: n = 2, h_r = 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3 n = 3, h_r = 1.5, 2, 2.25, 2.5 n = 4, h_r = 1.5, 2, 2.15, 2.3 n = 5, h_r = 1.5, 2, 2.1, 2.2 These filters have been computed using the method described in "Semi-regular Dubuc-Deslaurier wavelet tight frames" submitted to Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics Special Issue for SMART 2017. The filters are the columns of the matrix Q_irr where R_irr = Q_irr * transpose(Q_irr). To avoid numerical fluctuations Q_irr is computed via singular value decomposition, with threshold on the singular values set to 10^-8. The filters depend only on the ratio h_\ell over h_r and, when this ratio is inverted, it is sufficient to flip the filters. Therefore there is no loss of generality in considering h_\ell = 1 and h_r greater than or equal to 1 only. Moreover, for any fixed natural number n and h_\ell = 1, there is an interval of availability for h_r of the form ( 1/c, c ), where h_r = 1 reduces to the regular case. For n = 2, the exact value of c is 3.5 while for the other values of n the approximated values of c are 2.6225, 2.3591 and 2.2346 respectively for n = 3, 4 and 5. For the examples presented we choose two common values of h_r working for all n=2,...,5 and two values specifically chosen for each n spreaded out between 2 and c.
    • Dataset
    • Text
  • Dataset related to article "Chemotherapy after PD-1 inhibitors in relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: Outcomes and clonal evolution dynamics"
    This record contains raw data related to article "Chemotherapy after PD-1 inhibitors in relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: Outcomes and clonal evolution dynamics" Checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) are routinely employed in relapsed/refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Nonetheless, persistent long-term responses are uncommon, and one-third of patients are refractory. Several reports have suggested that treatment with CPIs may re-sensitize patients to chemotherapy, however there is no consensus on the optimal chemotherapy regimen and subsequent consolidation strategy. In this retrospective study we analysed the response to rechallenge with chemotherapy after CPI failure. Furthermore, we exploratively characterized the clonal evolution profile of a small sample of patients (n = 5) by employing the CALDER approach. Among the 28 patients included in the study, 17 (71%) were primary refractory and 26 (92%) were refractory to the last chemotherapy prior to CPIs. Following rechallenge with chemotherapy, response was recorded in 23 (82%) patients experiencing complete remission and 3 (11%) patients experiencing partial remission. The tumour evolution of the patients inferred by CALDER seemingly occurred prior to the first cycle of therapy and was characterized either by linear or branching evolution patterns.Twenty-five patients proceeded to allogeneic stem cell transplantation. At a median follow-up of 21 months, median PFS and OS were not reached. In conclusion, patients who fail CPIs can be effectively rescued by salvage chemotherapy and bridged to allo-SCT/ auto-SCT.
    • Dataset
  • MALVIRUS: an integrated application for viral variant analysis
    Abstract Background Being able to efficiently call variants from the increasing amount of sequencing data daily produced from multiple viral strains is of the utmost importance, as demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to track the spread of the viral strains across the globe. Results We present MALVIRUS, an easy-to-install and easy-to-use application that assists users in multiple tasks required for the analysis of a viral population, such as the SARS-CoV-2. MALVIRUS allows to: (1) construct a variant catalog consisting in a set of variations (SNPs/indels) from the population sequences, (2) efficiently genotype and annotate variants of the catalog supported by a read sample, and (3) when the considered viral species is the SARS-CoV-2, assign the input sample to the most likely Pango lineages using the genotyped variations. Conclusions Tests on Illumina and Nanopore samples proved the efficiency and the effectiveness of MALVIRUS in analyzing SARS-CoV-2 strain samples with respect to publicly available data provided by NCBI and the more complete dataset provided by GISAID. A comparison with state-of-the-art tools showed that MALVIRUS is always more precise and often have a better recall.
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  • Additional file 1 of MALVIRUS: an integrated application for viral variant analysis
    Additional file 1: The full list of samples, laboratories, and authors of the data retrieved from GISAID and used in this manuscript.
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  • Computational Intelligence for Life Sciences
    • Document
  • Simpful example code
    Example code to show the usage of the Simpful library. Simpful code is available at:
    • Software/Code
  • Shaping space for ever-changing mobility. Covid-19 lesson learned from Milan and its region
    In the Milan experience, Covid-19 emergency crucial issues were already hidden weaknesses of the city and its region: the limited capacity of transit transport, roads and public spaces, with crowding problems for both work and leisure. The challenge is to regenerate the competitive “human measure” of Milan, based on its unique relationship between public spaces and mobility, overcoming its health risk. The report raises a question on the established transit-oriented development approach, focusing on spaces “in between” and not only on nodes and networks. The traditional “invariants” welcome changes: the spatial structure of the public realm becomes a platform for ever-changing mobility and services, providing quality of life for communities, users and tourists. With this respect, streets represent by far the most strategic asset of the urban public realm. They can be reshaped in resilient infrastructure capable to respond to new forms of mobility based on a renewed Mobility-as-A-Service paradigm, as final result of different travel behaviors of the post pandemic scenario, among which an expected reduction of the overall “mobility consumption” (space) and new temporal urban rhythms (time). To this end, short-term and responsive planning becomes a crucial opportunity to enable rapidly deployed responses, through an extensive use of new analytical tools based on Open and Big data analytics and computer-based simulations.,TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 2020: Special Issue. Covid-19 vs City-20,
    • Document